Academic Profile

Academic Profile

Asst Prof Oliver Martin Mueller-Cajar

Nanyang Assistant Professor (NTU)

School of Biological Sciences
College of Science

Phone: (+65)65923184
Office: SBS-02n-17

  • PhD The Australian National University 2007
  • BSc(Hons) (Biochemistry) University of Canterbury 2003
I undertook my PhD studies under the supervision of Dr. Spencer Whitney at the Australian National University in Canberra, studying the artificial evolution of the photosynthetic CO2-fixing enzyme Rubisco. Subsequently I joined the laboratory of Dr. Manajit Hayer-Hartl at the Max-Planck Institute of Biochemistry near Munich, Germany, where I discovered a novel molecular motor that activates Rubisco. My group at NTU started in August 2012.
Research Interests
Photosynthetic organisms provide us with food and other materials by using light energy from the sun to capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to make usable sugars. Almost all CO2 enters the biosphere via the enzyme ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase oxygenase (Rubisco). In spite of the crucial importance of this process Rubisco is non-specific and slow, which has forced nature to hugely overexpress the protein, or to use tricks such as biochemical or biophysical carbon concentrating mechanisms to saturate the enzyme with substrate.
Genomic studies have uncovered that Nature possesses a great diversity of Rubiscos and associated protein machinery to perform the task of CO2 capture, much of it poorly characterized. Research in my laboratory aims to mechanistically describe the biochemistry of CO2-fixation related machinery. By increasing our understanding of the sophisticated mechanisms existing in nature we hope to provide knowledge that can later be applied to improving the photosynthetic efficiency of crop species.
Research Grant
  • Academic Research Fund Tier 1 (2016-) [by MOE]
  • Academic Research Fund Tier 2 (2014-)
Current Projects
  • Biochemical characterization of the pyrenoid in red-lineage phytoplankton
  • Molecular Machines Regulating Biological CO2 Fixation
  • The Rubisco activation machinery of phytoplankton and autotrophic bacteria
Selected Publications
  • Jin S, Sun J, Wunder T, Tang D, Cousins AB, Sze SK, Mueller-Cajar O, Gao YG. (2016). Structural insights into the LCIB protein family reveals a new group of β-carbonic anhydrases. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 113(51), 14716-14721.
  • Loganathan N, Tsai YC, Mueller-Cajar O. (2016). Characterization of the heterooligomeric red-type rubisco activase from red algae. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 113(49), 14019-14024.
  • Tsai Y.C., Lapina M.C., Bushan S., Mueller-Cajar O. (2015). Identification and characterization of multiple rubisco activases in chemoautotrophic bacteria. Nature Communications, 6, 8883.
  • Durão P, Aigner H, Nagy P, Mueller-Cajar O, Hartl FU, Hayer-Hartl M. (2015). Opposing effects of folding and assembly chaperones on evolvability of Rubisco.. Nature Chemical Biology, 11(2), 148-55.
  • Mueller-Cajar O., Stotz M., Bracher A. (2014). Maintaining photosynthetic CO2 fixation via protein remodelling: the Rubisco activases. Photosynthesis Research, 119, 191-201.

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